What will man be like in the future —in 5000 or even 50000 years from now? We can only make a guess, of course, but we can be sure that he will be different from what he is today. For man is slowly changing all the time.
Let us take an obvious example. Man, even ﬁve hundred years ago, was shorter than he is today. Now, on average , men are about three inches taller. Five hundred years is a relatively short period of time, so we may assume that man will continue to grow taller.
Again, in the modern world we use our brains a great deal. Even so, we still make use of only about 20% of the brains capacity. As time goes on, however, we shall have to use our brains more and more, and eventually we shall need larger ones. This is likely to bring about a physical change —the head, in particular the forehead, will grow larger.
Nowadays our eyes are in constant use. In fact, we use them so much that very often they become weaker and we have to wear glasses. But over very long period of time it is likely that mans eyes will grow stronger.
On the other hand, we tend to make less use of our arms and legs. These, as a result, are likely to grow weaker. At the same time, however, our ﬁngers will grow more sensitive because they are used a great deal in modern life.
But what about hair? It will probably disappear from the body altogether in course of time because it does not serve a useful purpose any longer. In the future, then, both sexes are likely to be bald.
Perhaps all this gives the impression that future man will not be a very attractive creature to look at. This may well be true. All the same, in spite of all these changes, future man will still have a lot in common with us. He will still be a human being, with thoughts and emotions similar to our own.
1. The passage tells us about _______ .
A. how man’s life will be in the future
B. how future man will look like
C. the fact that man’s organs will function differently in the future
D. the fact that man is growing uglier as time passes
2. There is evidence that man is changing, _______ .
A. he has been growing taller over the past 500 years
B. he has got stronger eyes than he ever had
C. his hair is getting thinner and thinner
D. his limbs are getting weaker because he tends to make less use of them
3. Man’s forehead will grow larger because _______ .
A. he will make use of only about 20% of the brain’s capacity
B. the other 80% of his brain will grow in due time
C. he had rather narrow forehead a few hundred years ago
D. he will have to use his brain more and more as time goes on
4. Future man will probably _______ .
A. have smaller eyes B. have larger eyes
C. see better D. have to wear better glasses
5. The reason for believing that future man will be different is that he _______ .
A. will grow stronger B. never stops changing
C. hopes for a change D. will live a different life
1. B. 主旨题。文章主要在讲述未来人类会变成什么样子。A说的是未来人类生活是什么样子，不正确。C说的是未来人类的器官会起到不同的作用，不对。D说的是人类会随着时间的流逝，变的越来越丑，也不正确。
2. A. 细节题。从文章的第二段开头可以得知，人类在过去的500年中一直在长高。
3. D. 细节题。给果求因。答案在第三段可以搜寻到，随着用脑的增加，人们的脑容量会增大，而体现为明显的是前额的变大。
4. C. 细节题。第四段后说到人类的眼睛会比以前要变得更加的强大，也就是会变得越来越好。A,B选项在说眼睛的大小问题，文章没有提到。D选项说要戴更好的眼镜，文章中也没有体现。
5. B. 细节题。给果求因，题干中出现了The reason。答案从文章的第一段结尾处可以知道，我们相信未来的人类会变得与众不同是因为人类的发展和进化会不停地改变。